The Election Commission of India is a constitutional body, that organizes and supervises the democratic process i.e. Elections and counting of votes in India. It is an unbiased, apolitical organisation that was established on 25th January 1950 to govern the democratic process without any political interference/pressure. The ECI, headquartered in Delhi, has three key positions i.e. a Chief Election Commissioner(CEC) and two other Commissioners that are appointed by the President of India for a term of six years. These officers cannot be dismissed from office except by parliamentary impeachment. The key role of the ECI is to conduct fair and orderly elections.
It prepares, maintains, and updates the electoral roll; supervises the nomination of candidates; registers political parties and classifies them on national and state levels; and monitors election campaigns, including political fund-raising. The body operates from a secretariat and is helped by almost 300 staff members. The current Chief Election Commissioner of the ECI is Sunil Arora. The ECI handles the gigantic task of organising the world’s most extensive democratic exercise in which, over 700 million voters cast their votes at around 700,000 polling stations in different parts of the country. Normally, every state has a chief electoral officer with a core staff, and civil officers assume the responsibilities of election officials at the district and constituency levels. Other than it, a huge team of almost 5 million workers is deployed at the polling stations during the general elections.
- Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha Elections
- State Legislative Assembly Elections
- President and Vice-President Elections
- Parliament and state legislature by-elections