The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is the leading organization for cricket within the domestic territory of India. The board was created in December 1928 as a group, registered under the Tamil Nadu Societies Registration Act. It is the final authority on all professional matches in India. Its headquarter is located in Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai in Maharashtra. It was affiliated to the Asia Cricket Council on 19 September 1983. It operates at an income of ₹2,000 crores with the biggest domestic and international corporates sponsoring it.
In 1921 an all India cricket team visited England to attend the meeting of the Imperial Cricket Conference, the present International Cricket Council. The team was sponsored by the Maharaja of Patiala. Following this conference, an English team led by Arthur Gillian was sent to India.
Arthur Gillian promised Maharaja of Patiala to put efforts towards making India a member of the ICC if the local provinces came together to create a single, standardized cricket body. In a meeting attended by twelve provinces in Delhi, a unanimous vote was passed on the decision. They all agreed upon creating a domestic body to oversee and standardize cricket in India. Hence in 1928 BCCI was registered as a society.
The President of the Board of Control for Cricket is a highly revered position. While the post is only nominal it is highly sought after. The major decisions in BCCI are made collectively by the board. The president of BCCI is elected at the general annual meeting of the board. All 30 affiliates have a vote, along with the current president who doubles as the chairman of the meeting. The post can be held for a maximum of three years and is rotated zone wise. R. E. Grant Govan served as the first president of the BCCI. Saurav Ganguly was appointed the president in 2019 and is the present officeholder.
In 2016 the Lodha Committee pressed for the post of CEO. They believed that there was a need to segregate between its management and commercial duties. The resolution passed and Rahul Johri was appointed first-ever Chief Executive Officer of BCCI.
BCCI is the richest sports organization in India. It earns the majority of its earnings through the sponsorships during its various matches. Another source of income is television telecast rights. In 2018, the total amount of tax paid by BCCI was ₹462.22 crore, which was outstanding. The Department of Revenue had issued a notice for tax evasion to the BCCI.