The International Cricket Council is the apex governing body of the popular sport cricket, across the globe. It arranges world championships such as Cricket World Cup, Women's Cricket World Cup, ICC T20 World Cup, ICC Women's T20 World Cup, ICC Champions Trophy, and Under-19 Cricket World Cup. The ICC sets norms for all professional matches and standardizes the game rules for all professional events. However, it does not set rules or overlook bilateral matches fixed between countries or oversee domestic game conduct.
Currently, the ICC has 104 member countries out of which 12 are full members involved in Test Matches. The other 96 are associate members. The twelve full members of ICC are England, Australia, South Africa, West Indies, New Zealand, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe, Bangladesh, Ireland, and Afghanistan.
The ICC is the legacy of the Imperial Cricket Council created in 1909 by three representative countries South Africa, England, and Australia. The Imperial Cricket Council was made by a suggestion form Abe Bailey (1907) who wrote in his letter to Marylebone Cricket Club the need for a governing board to formulate and regulate rules of cricket. These rules will administer international matches between the three member countries. In 1909, delegates from England, Australia, and South Africa met at Lord's and established the Imperial Cricket Conference.
In 1926 India, New Zealand, and West Indies were included as full members. Years later in 1964 Imperial Cricket Club agreed on including non-playing members in the council. The following year it changed its name to International Cricket Council to avoid any ties with colonialism.
The financial requirements of the ICC are fulfilled by the matches it organizes. Sponsorships and television telecasting rights also add substantially to ICC’s income. The majority of income is distributed among members. In 2007 the income of ICC was $12.66 million.
Historically the President headed the board of directors in ICC however it was substantially changed in 2014. Currently, The Board of Directors is headed by a Chairman under whose office a President functions. The first ICC Chairman was Narayanaswami Srinivasan, who was appointed in 2014. There is also a CEO who heads all commercial duties of ICC. The duty is currently served by Manu Shawnee.