The Indian parliament is the highest legislative body of India. The Indian parliament constitutes of the President of India, The Rajya Sabha( Council of States) or the Upper House and the Lok Sabha( House of the people) or the Lower House. The President of India holds the supreme power to dissolve the Lok Sabha or to summon either of the houses. The first elected Parliament came into existence in April 1952 after the first general election in the year 1951-52. The elections were held after the Indian constitution came into effect on 26 January 1950.
The maximum strength of the Rajya Sabha or the Upper House of the Parliament is 250, out of which 238 members are the representatives of the States and Union Territories while 12 are nominated by the President. One-third of the members retire after every two years and new members are elected. The tenure of a Rajya Sabha member is six years and vice-President is the Chairman of the Upper House. The senior-most minister in the Rajya Sabha is appointed by the Prime Minister as the Leader of the House. The Rajya Sabha also contains a panel of vice-Chairman in the Upper House.
The Lok Sabha or the Lower House constitutes of people chosen by direct election. The maximum strength of the Lok Sabha is 552, out of which, 530 members are the representatives of the states, 20 members represent Union Territories and the rest two members belong to the Anglo-Indian community and are nominated by the President. The current strength of the Lok Sabha is 545. The total term of the Lok Sabha is 5 years unless it is dissolved. The speaker of the Lok Sabha is elected by the Prime Minister and is a member of Lok Sabha himself/herself.