1. According to the study, some 1.7 million Indians died due to air pollution in 2019, which accounts for around 18% of all deaths recorded in the country last year.
2. The study noted that economic loss due to lost output from premature deaths & morbidity from air pollution was 1.4% of the GDP in India in 2019, equivalent to Rs 260,000 crores.
3. In Delhi, loss due to lost output from premature deaths and illness attributable to air pollution as a percentage of state GDP was 1.06%.
4. UP recorded the highest loss to GDP at 1.34% followed by Punjab at 1.22%. “Delhi had the highest per-capita economic loss due to air pollution, followed by Haryana in 2019, with 5.4 times variation across all states,” said findings.
5. The crude death rate per 100,000 population due to household air pollution decreased in India by 64.2% from 1990 to 2019, due to reduced use of solid fuels, while that due to ambient particulate matter pollution increased by 115.3 per cent and that due to ambient ozone pollution increased by 139.2%.