| in Did You Know Facts
Sugar can be ""tasted"" by the pancreas.
Taste receptor cells in the pancreas enable it to detect the presence of sugar. Artificial sweeteners are also "tasted" by it. But unlike our tongue's taste buds, it doesn't send these sensations back to the brain. Instead, the pancreas uses this sensory data to maintain a healthy hormonal balance and blood glucose levels.
Lack of exercise and obesity are the two major environmental variables for insulin resistance (and type 2 diabetes).